Mr. Madhukar Prasad Rajbhandari
Nepal suffers from various types of water-induced disasters such as soil erosion, landslides, debris flow, flood, bank erosion etc. due to its rugged topographically weak geological formations, active seismic conditions, occasional glacier lake outburst floods, concentrated monsoon rains associated with unscientific land utilization. These phenomena induce severe impacts on the vital infrastructures of the nation such as roads, houses, hydro power, irrigation and drinking water facilities, cause loss of agricultural lands, properties and human lives posing a severe threat to the sustainable development of the country. In order to mitigate these disasters in Nepal, the then Water Induced Disaster Prevention Technical Centre (DPTC) was established under the Ministry of Water Resources under an agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Government of Japan on 7 October 1991. The DPTC was continued for seven and half years under the participation of the concerned agencies of the Government and the Cooperation of Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA).
To institutionalize the objectives and achievements of the DPTC, the Department of Water Induced Disaster Management (DWIDM) was established on 7 February 2000 under the Ministry of Water Resources.
The then River Training Division of the Department of Irrigation was merged in the organizational structure of the DWIDM to strengthen its institutional capability.
Seven Division and five sub-division offices were established so as to mitigate the water-induced disasters throughout the kingdom.